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Infant Nutrition

South Africa, like most other countries, has adopted the World Health Organisation’s policy with regard to the “promotion, protection and support of breastfeeding”.  It is therefore the responsibility of all health care professionals to promote and support breastfeeding. A large proportion of the population are however opting for infant formula substitutes.  Many different milk formulae […]

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Nutrition in Teens

Teenagers, unlike children, start exploring their freedom of choice. They are not fed, they eat; they are not sent to play, they choose to go. Yet at the same time peer pressures also start manipulating their choices. They are more experimental whether it is to try alcohol, or try out the newest fad diets or […]

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Diarrhoea and rehydration

There are many causes of dehydration in the human body. Any set of circumstances that can upset the integral balance of water and electrolytes can have serious results if not identified and rectified expediently. The delicate balance of input and output of fluid is essential to maintain optimum health, an excessive loss of body fluids […]

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The Diabetic child

Type 1 diabetes causes an estimated 5%–10% of all diabetes cases or 11–22 million worldwide. In 2006 it affected 440 thousand children under 14 years of age resulting in high morbidity and mortality secondary to acute and chronic complications. Pathophysiology of Type I diabetes mellitus (DM) Type 1 DM is the result of interactions of genetic, environmental, and […]

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Milk Allergies

A person of any age can have a milk allergy, but milk allergies among infants are very common.  It is estimated that around two to three percent of babies have milk allergies, although most outgrow it. According to the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network, cow’s milk is one of the top eight foods that cause […]

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