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Oral health for tiny tots

Taking care of tiny tots’ teeth can prevent future oral problems. We all know that brushing our teeth and flossing regularly is vital to healthy teeth and gums, but what about the tiny tots in our midst? Is caring for milk teeth as important as caring for permanent teeth and at what age should we […]

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Indigestion and heartburn: what’s the difference?

Indigestion and heartburn and are gastrointestinal issues experienced by many people. Although patients often talk about indigestion and heartburn as a single problem, they are in fact separate conditions. Or more specifically, indigestion is a condition, while heartburn is a symptom. Indigestion (dyspepsia) is a functional condition in which the gastrointestinal organs, primarily the stomach […]

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Breaking down barriers to awareness and understanding psoriasis

Every day, people with psoriasis live with prejudice, exclusion, stigma and bullying. “People don’t understand psoriasis” says Sister Judy Wallace, chairperson of the South African Psoriasis Association. “Unfortunately it’s this lack of awareness and misinformation that not only results in people with psoriasis isolating themselves, but a lot of unnecessary suffering as well.” Public awareness […]

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Pain: nociceptive vs neuropathic

Pain is a sensory and emotional experience with multiple causes to which people respond in multiple and individual ways (different pain thresholds). Pain is a natural and very important function of the human body. The International Association for the Study of Pain defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or […]

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Teeth: more precious than pearls

Teeth are designed to last a lifetime. So why do so many people suffer during their lifetime with dental issues? Why do people lose some or all of their teeth during their lifetime? We as health professionals have an obligation to help people become aware of how precious teeth are and how important it is […]

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What is allergy?

Allergic diseases are increasing in both first world and lower and middle income countries. A third of South Africans will suffer from some allergic disease during their life. 40% of allergy sufferers are children. The commonest conditions are eczema, asthma, allergic rhinitis (hay fever), urticaria, food allergy, and anaphylaxis. Other allergic diseases include occupational allergies, […]

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Osteoporosis in men

20% of people with osteoporosis are men. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become weak and are more likely to break. Often referred to as a ‘silent’ condition, without prevention or treatment, osteoporosis can progress without pain or symptoms until a bone breaks. WHAT CAUSES OSTEOPOROSIS IN MEN? Osteoporosis occurs when your body cannot […]

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Coughs give vital clues to pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung infection that can make you very sick. For most people, pneumonia can be treated at home. Annually, pneumonia kills over 1.8 million children throughout the world. The vast majority of these deaths occur in resource poor regions such as sub-Saharan Africa and remote Asia. Prompt diagnosis and proper treatment are essential […]

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Menstruation and migraine

Around 50% of women with migraine say their menstrual cycle directly affects their migraine. In women who suffer from menstrual migraine/catamenial headache, the drop in circulating oestrogen levels that occurs 2-3 days before menstruation is believed to be partially responsible for the increase in migraine risk, likely mediated by mast cell degranulation in the dura […]

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Big lessons in grade one for parents of ADHD pupils

For any parent, watching their child scuttle off to the classroom in their new, too-big uniform on the first day of school is exciting and overwhelming. It marks the beginning of a new phase in the child’s life and the start of a future full of possibilities. It’s for this reason both parents and teachers […]

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