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Don’t let hand rashes ruin winter

Hand rashes can be frustrating, especially when the cause of the rash is unknown. Was it a new brand of hand soap? Eczema?  Or just really dry skin? According to dermatologists from the American Academy of Dermatology, it could be any of these things and more. Hand rashes, they say, commonly occur because of something […]

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Differences in hypertension between the races

The complications of hypertension seem to be similar globally but there are differences between black and white patients with hypertension. Hypertension is a common condition globally and can affect as many as four in every 10 adults above the age of 25 years. The pathophysiology is complex and not completely understood but most accept a […]

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Osteoporosis isn’t inevitable

Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease associated with an imbalance between formation and resorption, leading to net loss of bone mass, loss of bone microarchitecture, and development of fractures. Bone resorption is primarily due to an activation of osteoclastogenesis and an increase in receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) expression, a cytokine involved in […]

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Exploring anaemia

Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia. Anaemia is defined as a haemoglobin concentration lower than normal for the age and sex of the person involved. Anaemia is not a diagnosis, and an underlying cause should always be sought. CAUSES Iron deficiency occurs when the rate of loss or use of iron exceeds […]

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Skin protection: shielding lotion vs moisturiser

The outer layer of skin is made up of dead skin cells, natural oils, and lipids (fats). It is designed by nature to protect your deeper layers of skin from irritants and toxins. This is natural skin care at its very best. EFFECTS OF MODERN LIFE ON SKIN Most soaps and cleansers contain fragrances, colourants, […]

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Kidney stones more prevalent in men, can be avoided

Kidney stones are twice as common in males as females and although sometimes genetic, they may be avoided through adopting a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. Kidney stones develop when urine contains high levels of crystal-forming substances such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid, resulting in a hard mass known as a kidney stone. […]

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Why should people get vaccinated against the flu?

Influenza is a serious disease that can lead to hospitalisation and sometimes even death. Every flu season is different, and influenza infection can affect people differently, but millions of people get the flu every year, hundreds of thousands of people are hospitalised and thousands or tens of thousands of people die from flu related causes […]

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Parkinson’s disease: an overview

There is no cure yet for Parkinson’s disease, but there are numerous therapies that help the symptoms. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive movement disorder, meaning that symptoms continue and worsen over time. Nearly one million people in the US are living with PD. The cause is unknown, and although there is presently […]

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Check for prostate cancer from 40

Men with a family history of prostate cancer should have prostate examinations from the age of 40, says top SA urologist. Dr Dirk Ligthelm of The Urology Hospital in Pretoria says men should consult their GP or urologist for a prostate blood test (PSA) and a rectal examination. A PSA measures the level of prostate-specific […]

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Lower back pain is not something you have to live with

According to recently conducted studies, around 80% of all South Africans will experience some form of back pain in their lifetime. Lower back pain (LBP) is a very common musculoskeletal condition that can often lead to disability The prevalence of this potentially debilitating condition is increasing rapidly, raising concern around the accuracy of diagnosis and […]

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